Monthly Archives

May 2018

The construction of a structure or a building requires the synergized work integration of various agencies such as an architect, structural designer, project management consultant, contractor etc. Along with the yardstick of the timeline, it is of utmost significance to complete the particular project within the stipulated budget. The sub-discipline of civil engineering that emphasizes on these agendas right from the project planning to its complete execution is called Construction Management. It is the most sought after stream for graduate education in Civil Engineering in universities all over the world as every project is in need of a professional service that regulates the planning, design and construction of a project from the time of its commencement till its completion. This area of study has also gained importance as a major course in architecture. Hence, along with undergraduate civil engineers, many architects too apply to such programs.

The graduate program has a coursework that constitutes of: Building Information Modelling, Construction Finance, Construction Planning and Scheduling, Sustainability and Facility Lifecycle Management etc.. Students sometimes opt for research in one of these areas. Based on their interests, they apply for internships, RAs and TAs during the program tenure. The general trend is that students join the industry by taking up plum jobs, while few opt for a career in research.

With the exponential growth in good infrastructure and housing development projects to cater to the burgeoning population, Construction Management graduates are very much in demand. General Construction Contractors, Construction Management firms, Real Estate Firms and sometimes even General Consulting firms hire out fresh CM graduates. Sometimes even large institutions such as universities, factories and other large-scale structural facilities require a construction manager of their own to oversee their construction activities. Having a firm hold over BIM, Planning and tools such as AutoCAD, Bluebeam, Office and Primavera is very crucial for the student aspiring to venture into such firms. The job profiles a CM graduate engineer and in most of the cases placed in overseeing a particular construction activity, HR and project management, reviewing the project timeline and estimated costs and also analyzing and mitigating potential risks. Most commonly employed positions at the firm are Project Engineer, Site Engineer, and Assistant Project Manager and so on. The pay scale of a Construction Management engineer is the highest as compared to all other sub-disciplines of civil engineering, with salaries being higher than $60K per annum. After gaining substantial professional experience, students also have a viable option of pursuing an MBA to climb the corporate ladder later on. That being said, placing the right internship, having a good network, decent academic grades and suitable coursework will ensure a good job for a CM graduate.

Licensure is an important aspect of a professional engineer. Upon graduation, he/she will be designated generally as E-I-T (Engineer in Training). After that, obtaining the P.E (Professional Engineer) license is crucial to start our own practice as an independent engineer. Between EIT and PE, there is also an FE (Fundamental Engineering) license, which is mandatory. Both of these licenses have their own exams and requirements subject to the state/area you are in. For example, all over the US, the PE license normally requires 4 years of professional training under a certified PE engineer.

Students who wish to pursue a PhD after their masters, opt for a thesis program. Research areas differ from university to university and it is best to check the department website of each university and identify a suitable one based on their interests. Students who intend to pursue a Doctorate are preferred for RA positions. Also, sometimes a master’s level thesis forms the background for the student to work on the same during his PhD. After completing their PhD, students can try working at a postdoctoral level at a university, a research fellow at a private institution, a professor at the university or even get placed in the industry.

The salary for each post differs substantially:

Designation Salary
Project Engineer $70,000
Project Manager $70,000
Cost Estimator $60,000
Quantity Surveyor $60,000
Postdoctoral Fellow $60,000
Assistant Professor $90,000

For more information, contact our career counsellors today, who will guide you towards realizing your dream career.

Structural Engineering is a sub-discipline of civil engineering that involves the design of the built environment around us. In layman’s terms, these are the people that help design the components of a structure that enable it to withstand the various forces it is subject to. It is one of the most sought-after master’s programs chosen by undergraduate civil engineers. Architect undergraduates too can apply for such a program to establish a repertoire coherent in both: architecture and civil engineering. A master’s structural degree spans for two years generally if one opts for a research-based program. Otherwise, a non-thesis degree or course-work based curriculum sometimes referred to as M.Eng, has a study duration of one year. Nowadays, many universities have replaced the traditional structural engineering program with Earthquake Engineering.  With the added emphasis on the design of earthquake resilient structures, this program should be considered as something different from the core program.

A graduate level education in structural engineering helps students develop a firm foundation in this stream that is later strengthened by research or experience. Students opt for such a degree considering two career objectives: industry or research. Sometimes, a vocation switch proves extremely beneficial as it provides a research-based perspective while entering the industry and vice versa. Consider this, a masters graduate who has 5 years of experience of working in a structural consultancy firm becomes aware of the current industry trends and practices that will make him more competent for a doctoral program than someone who directly opts for one after a graduate degree. That being said, it is strongly recommended that students should make a firm decision about the same at the start of the program so that they can build a profile that is suited to prospective opportunities later on in that vocation.

Students who are more academically oriented and who wish to be involved in developing breakthrough and novel concepts in structural engineering that would eventually benefit the industry generally opt for research. Such students apply for a PhD after their Master’s. It is advisable that while pursuing their Master’s degree, these students should start connecting with the professors in the university by pursuing assistantships in teaching or research (TA/RA) from the very beginning of the program. These are excellent tools to aid/finance one’s education (average salary $30K per annum). Also, taking a research-oriented coursework would be more preferred by them. For example, including nonlinear analysis, risk analysis and computational method courses in one’s curriculum. After a PhD, one can continue working as a postdoctoral fellow (average salary $50K per annum) at the university or take up the position of a professor (average salary $70K per annum).

Alternatively, students who wish to begin working in the industry after attaining the degree should start hunting for internship opportunities as soon as the program commences. A consistent performance at such an internship will help the student build connections and get accustomed to the work culture of the firm. Later on, he can apply for a job at the same firm. Firms wherein structural engineers are hired to include infrastructure companies, structural consultancy firms and architectural firms. Also, after getting the job, it is significantly important to have a mentor, who would help you understand your job role and guide you to resolve issues successfully. This mentor can be the immediate senior/project engineer under whom you will be working on the initial projects of your career. Being under such tutelage will help develop a structural designer’s mindset that is unique. Salaries for beginners are around $60K annually.

Ireland is a beautiful island country with a rich cultural habitat. The fantastic combination of history, adventure, contemporary art and literature brings life at ease. Moreover, from the past 20 years, Ireland has grown to be among the wealthiest nation of Europe along with having a world-class education system.

Ireland has 12 Universities and Colleges, and 14 Institutes of Technology that offer over 5000 internationally recognised qualifications tagged with the best education system in the world. They have set their mark in research opportunities as the Irish Government invests over 782 million funds in the research programs. The research institutes rank first in class when it comes to courses like Natural Sciences, Humanities and Social Sciences which builds up the confidence in students to take up research related programs. Ireland has an intake of over 35,000 international students each year coming from diverse 161 countries, so if you are looking for diversity, Ireland is the right place for you. It is one of the most amiable and well-equipped places to stay. Moreover, English is the spoken language, so communication would not be a challenge as opposed to other countries like Germany.

Life at Ireland is safe and secure. The universities in Ireland have a lot of diversity so if you plan to study in one of the Irish universities, it’s likely for you to celebrate Diwali and Eid at the University campus.

Below is a list of Ireland’s reputed universities, which are preferred by international students:

Trinity College Dublin

Ireland’s number one university, Trinity College Dublin, was founded in 1592 and is located in the heart of Ireland’s enthusiastic capital city. The university is also considered to be the word leader in Information Technology, Mathematics, Nanotechnology, Immunology, Engineering, Psychology, Politics, English and a lot more. It is recognised as the top international research centre for students looking out for research based studies. Moreover, Trinity College Dublin has a rigorous academic programme with an unparalleled array of cultural, social and professional experiences.

Dublin City University

Dublin City University (DCU) is located on the North side of Dublin with over 17000 students currently studying in the premises.  It has a diverse student body with students coming from over 114 countries. DCU has variety of clubs and societies associated with computer games, sports and academics. It is highly regarded for Engineering which has the most intakes followed by Health and Medicine and Computer Science and IT.

 Maynooth University

The youngest university of Ireland, Maynooth University was founded in 1997 and is as it is located in the Silicon Valley of Ireland, it is the conduit for providing fresh graduates to various multinational companies such as Intel, Facebook, Microsoft, HP and Google. Maynooth University has various schools and departments offering programs in Social Science, Science and Engineering, Arts, Celtic Studies, Philosophy and Languages. The University has over 1800 postgraduate students along with graduates having link to various research institutes. The University has won the StudyPortals Outstanding International Student Satisfaction Award in 2015 and is also the only university tagged as ‘Best Colleges’ in the Princeton Review Guidebook

National University of Ireland, Galway

National University of Ireland (NUI) is a research based university including fields such as Human Rights, Family Studies, Internet Technology, Stem Cell Research and Marine Science. It is ranked in the top 3% of universities in the world. It is famed for its over 150 student societies and sports clubs. Popular with international students, Galway is also regarded as the cultural capital of Ireland.

University College Cork

The first 5 star university of Ireland, University College Cork (UCC) was founded in 1845 and is located in Belfast, Cork and Galway. It ranks in the top 2% of the universities in the world and has a Green Flag campus. It has over 4000 post graduate students in over 100 post graduate courses. UCC has built an international reputation, which draws 3000 students from over 100 countries contributing to its cosmopolitan culture.

University College Dublin

University College Dublin (UCD) happens to be the first university to have a Global Lounge for international students. It has the largest urban campus in Europe offering world class amenities with extensive options. Having global centres in New York, Chicago, San Francisco, Beijing, Delhi and Kuala Lumpur helps provide a first point of contact for students and parents. UCD has a post graduate intake of over 8000 students, which covers 26% of the student body. Moreover, it is renowned for its Engineering, Science, Culture, and Sports departments, which have nurtured professionals who have joined various industries.

University of Limerick

University of Limerick (UL) has one of the largest cooperative education programmes in the European Union and at UL it is undertaken as an integral part of the academic programme. It has a good Student Support Network, which includes more than 70 clubs and societies. It has gained recognition with its distinctive research and offering courses such as Information and Communication Technologies, Materials and Surface Science, Bioengineering and Biosciences, Energy and Sustainable Environment, Applied Mathematics, Study of Knowledge in Society. Moreover, University of Limerick is considered to be very generous at giving scholarships to international students. So, Limerick can be considered as a good option for students who are looking out for scholarships.

For more information on studying in Ireland, contact our expert counsellors today and we will help you realize your study abroad dreams.

Since its inception in 1855, ETH Zurich has stood for world-class academic excellence for research which benefits of industry and society, and for the education of highly qualified subject specialists. The fact that 21 Nobel laureates have studied, taught or carried out research at ETH Zurich confirms its outstanding reputation, the most famous of them being Albert Einstein, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in circa 1921 for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially, for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect. Few know about the brilliance and erudition with which Einstein illuminated the halls of his proud alma mater, ETH Zurich

The past decade has seen the evolution of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) programs, which has become a boon to students wishing to gain the requisite professional experience abroad. If you are a STEM aspirant, then, Switzerland’s highest-ranked university, ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology) is currently placed 10th in the world and is the only non-UK European university to rank within the global top 10. ETH Zurich – Chair for Research on Learning and Instruction deals with the modalities of STEM learning and in the cultivation and enhancement of the Swiss version of STEM, which is MINT (Mathematics, Informatics, Natural sciences, and Technics), where The MINT-Learning Center is part of EducETH, the ETH competence center for learning and instruction. The goal of the MINT Learning Center at ETH Zurich is the sustainable optimization of school-based learning opportunities in the STEM subjects. In order to optimize teaching of science through learning and instruction research, the Institute of Behavioural Sciences, together with the MINT Learning Center, is conducting a longitudinal study with selected schools in Switzerland.

Due to its continued emphasis on improving and cultivating MINT inclination, ETH Zurich has an award winning program with core disciplines in MINT subjects. Laudably, in the Times Higher Education 2018 ratings, ETH Zurich bagged 9th place in the world rankings for its Engineering discipline.  In the QS World University Rankings by Subject, ETH Zurich is currently ranked fifth in the world for the engineering and technology broad subject area, and sixth for natural sciences. Currently, the medium of instruction at ETH Zurich at undergraduate level is mainly in German, while most master’s courses are instructed in English.  To enrol for the courses, one must fulfil the requirements as per the program’s eligibility criteria. , Unlike the U.S, ETH Zurich does not mandate any GRE test score submission and prospective students are evaluated on the basis of their academic accomplishments, including the publishing of white papers etc. For more detailed information for each program, you can visit https://www.ethz.ch/en/studies/registration-application/master/application/admission-prerequisites.html

Like any form of education, studying at ETH Zurich costs money. In addition to tuition fees and semester fees amounting to CHF 649, most importantly there are living costs to consider too. It is estimated that students spend CHF 16,000 to CHF 26,000 on study and living costs, each year. The Housing Office of University/ETH Zurich arranges accommodation between private individuals and ETH/UZH members. Further, the office provides useful information about living in Zurich. Also, there are food expenses, travel expenses and other costs which must be factored in. However, the good part is that the Swiss government is rather lenient compared to the North Americas when it comes to working hours for international students and most likely find jobs on campus after the first semester. As you can see, there is an ease to studying at ETH Zurich with a well-structured administration and its superior student facilities.

International students must apply for a national “D” visa in person at the Swiss diplomatic mission (embassy or consulate general) at their place of residence. It is important to note that a Schengen visa will not render you eligible to take up residence in the country. Irrespective of whether you require an entry visa, you must have a residence permit for your period of study in Switzerland. After six months, you can work for up to 15 hours a week during term time and full-time during holidays. You must apply for this in person within 14 days of your arrival at the Citizen’s Registry Office at your new place of residence or at the respective “Kreisbüro” if you live in the city of Zurich. Students pursuing the Bachelor’s program from non-EU countries must have lived in Switzerland for at least 6 months to obtain a work permit. During their first 6 months in Switzerland, Master students from non-EU countries can only obtain a work permit for a job at their ETH department. Also, after graduation, a non-resident can stay in the country for upto six months only on the student visa, where they may search for jobs in their field of study.

Pursuing your higher studies at ETH Zurich would indeed be a dream-come-true that would provide the perfect launch pad to your career ambitions! For more information, consult our study abroad counsellors, who will provide you with the right options and information and help you embark on your career path for an illustrious future.

The education in Russia has been focused on Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM), with its spectacular feats of sending the first man, first dog to the Moon. There cannot be better proof of the merits and efficacy of the education system in the country. The charm of Russia with its unique history and political narrative is one that has taken centre stage internationally. From the stark weather in Siberia to the warm hospitality of historic townships of Leningrad and Moscow, Russia has a wealth of experience as being a beacon of progress, leadership and innovation, since the period of the industrial revolution.

Having maintained their reputation for being technologically advanced, Russian universities offer preparatory programmes (training for enrolment on Bachelor’s, Master’s and Specialist Degree courses), short courses (summer university, a single term in Russia, summer schools), Russian as a foreign language courses, professional development and additional vocational training. There are 896 universities in the 85 regions of the country, from Kaliningrad to Vladivostok where 657 subjects in Bachelor’s, Master’s, Specialist and Postgraduate Programmes (medical traineeships, postgraduate military courses), and internships and assistantships are offered to national as well as international students.

Lomonosov Moscow State University, Saint Petersburg State University, Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Novosibirsk State University among others are a few which find place of pride among the QS, THE and ARWU rankings, which is a testament to their commitment to excellence. Also, the universities are renowned for being the most reasonable when it comes to tuition, medical expense, living expenses etc. when compared to education in Singapore or even, China. Not surprisingly, there are more than 210,000 international students from about 200 countries of the world, currently studying at the Russian State Universities, whose degrees are internationally recognised.

For admission to any of these universities, it is imperative that applicants send the documents certifying their previous education (a diploma or a certificate), a cover letter, and they confirm their level of English with either an IELTS or a TOEFL certificate. At some institutions you need to submit a CV, a portfolio, references from teachers, and complete an interview in English (by phone or Skype). For further details, please visit https://studyinrussia.ru/en/why-russia/world-university-rankings/.

While most of the courses are taught in Russian, there are certain courses like MBBS, MD, Masters in International Relations etc. that are taught in English in order to attract foreign students. For admission to the Bachelors of Medicine/Dentistry degree, the minimum eligibility is 50% aggregate in Physics, Chemistry, Biology at the Class 12 Higher Secondary Level plus the other requirements stated above. The university fees for the course per year ranges from 1.8 lakhs to 3 lakhs, depending on the university. Similarly, for Engineering, the fees range from 1.8 to 2.5 lakhs per annum.

The fees are subsidised by the Russian government by almost 80% and thus, these benefits also pass on to students from foreign countries through Russian government sponsored scholarships, in your home country. Allocation of quotas is carried out by Rossotrudnichestvo (The Federal Agency for the Commonwealth of Independent States, Compatriots Living Abroad, and International Humanitarian Cooperation) through its international network of offices, as well as through embassies of Russia abroad.  However, the government quota for admission is only applicable to Russian nationals and citizens of Russian declared fellow countries.

Once the university offer is received, the student must apply for a visa at the nearest Russian consulate. Initially, a student visa is issued for three months. After this period you should apply to the local division of the General Administration for Migration Issues of the Interior Ministry of Russia for a visa extension. For the required documents for the issue of a student visa, please visit https://studyinrussia.ru/en/life-in-russia/arriving-in-russia/visa/. Furthermore, there are mandated medical tests that must be completed for the visa process.

The economy in Russia has been slowly advancing and the current government welcomes foreign investment which has led to the privatisation of sectors, bringing an influx of expats and foreign companies. However, your stay in Russia is limited to your study period and if you wish to extend your stay and work, you would need to apply for a work visa permit. Read more about the particulars of the work visa requirements at https://studyinrussia.ru/en/actual/faq/get-job-after-completing-studies/. The greatest demand for workers is in the following: sales managers, sales executives, skilled employees and engineers.

The medical and pharmaceutical sector faces a deficit of skilled labour, while marketing specialists, lawyers, and advertising professionals are far too many. The most competitive jobs in Russia for English speakers are in governmental institutions, publishing and mass media. The average pay for a graduate would be roughly three times greater in Moscow than in Leningrad or St. Petersburg. Moscow also enjoys the lowest unemployment ratio in the country. For more information on the various placement agencies and websites to search for jobs, please visit https://www.expatica.com/ru/employment/Jobs-in-Russia_509599.html.

With the cosmopolitan environment and famed Russian hospitality, it is certain that students who choose to study in Russia enjoy their brush with history and the rich cultural heritage that Russia has come to exemplify. As a prospective student, you have the chance to see first-hand the seat of the former superpower, the U.S.S.R and to experience the wonderful education that has earned Russia a place of pride on the world map.

The Polish university education system has a history of 650 years of educating high profile professionals. Marie Skłodowska-Curie was one of the only four Nobel Laureates, who have received the prestigious prize, twice. The other notable Polish scientists include Nicolaus Copernicus, Johannes Hevelius, Henryk Arctowski, who have distinguished themselves in the fields of science, technology, astronomy etc. Excellence in the field of education is the trademark of Polish academia and this ingrained commitment has seen an increase in international students, who flock to Poland for their higher education.

With the academic traditions of Poland dating back to 14th century, the Jagiellonian University in Kraków was established in 1364 and is the second oldest university in Central Europe. Having maintained its high standards, today, it is ranked 14th in the QS EECA University rankings. A signatory to the Bologna Process, the European Credit Transfer System, which is applied in all academic disciplines and programs, allows both Polish students and foreigners studying in Poland to continue their education elsewhere in the European Union. Visit www.buwiwm.edu.pl for more information on the Bureau for Academic Recognition and International Exchange (BUWiWM) in Poland. Poland is an attractive destination for international students. The Erasmus Program (EuRopean Community Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students) that was incorporated 28 years back is very popular among foreign students. The state-funded University of Warsaw is currently ranked sixth in the Emerging Europe and Central Asia (EECA) rankings, while Warsaw University of Technology is ranked the 19th .

The cost of pursuing a program in these universities is comparatively lower to that of programs in US universities. For international students, the tuition fees range from EUR 2000-6000 per year and depend on the institution and program. MBA programs cost about EUR 8000-12,000 per year. You can visit the university website for specific information on the fees structure. Further, students can avail various scholarships offered under programs such as the Fulbright program, Visegrad program, CEEPUS exchange among others, which help in funding studies in Poland. To qualify for admission to the programs, all international applicants must first meet the minimum requirements for entry into higher education in their own country, where they have cleared the preceding qualifying exam or equivalent and also have a good command of English (at least on an intermediate level). An IELTS band score of 7 or 8 should well satisfy the English proficiency requirements.

Once you have received an admit, students need to arrive in Poland with a student’s visa obtained at a Polish Embassy or Consulate, keeping in mind that these visas are granted for a maximum of three months. In order to extend the stay in Poland, it is necessary to apply for a residence permit for specified period of time in the Voivodeship office, 45 days before the visa expiration date. For further assistance, students are strongly urged to contact the International Relations Office of their university.

It is quite common in Poland to rent a room in a bigger apartment. Most of the out-of-town students share flats in this way. The cost varies between cities and it depends greatly on the location of the apartment as well as the size and quality of the room. The monthly rent is usually between EUR 150 and 200. Some landlords may require a deposit of a similar amount. The rent for the smallest, one-room apartment starts from about EUR 300 (in Warsaw). The cost of living in Poland is among the most reasonable than in any of the cities in Europe. However, it is recommended that students from non-EU/EEA countries purchase their own international medical insurance prior to their arrival in Poland. Otherwise they are required to sign a voluntary health insurance agreement with the National Health Fund (Narodowy Fundusz Zdrowia – NFZ) and pay their own insurance fees, which amount to about EUR 15 a month. For other queries on food, travel and other expenses, please click on the below link: http://www.studyinpoland.pl/en/index.php/education-in-poland/19-questionsanswers.

Most students enrolled at Polish universities seek off-campus jobs to supplement their living expenses, while also gaining enviable exposure. As an international student, you must apply for the work permits at the local voivode. It is issued for a fixed period of time, however no more than 3 years and may be extended. For more detailed information, contact the local Voivodship Office or visit the website http://www.paiz.gov.pl. Also, if you have intentions of acquiring a Polish citizenship, the minimum requirement is a C1 level proficiency in the Polish language. For more details, please visit the website at http://www.studyinpoland.pl/en/index.php/practical-information/63-polish-citizenship.

Poland’s primary industries include automotive manufacturing, food processing, banking and construction. However, expatriates working in Poland will most likely find opportunities in IT, finance, human resources, business services and management. As more than 95 percent of the population speaks Polish, there’s also a pronounced shortage of native English speakers. As a result, there are still plenty of jobs in Poland for teaching English, and in many cases, these positions pay more than a position in a large company with upward mobility. The country is also looking to privatise more infrastructure, like the energy sector, shipbuilding and even the postal market. So, university graduates stand a good chance to get hired in these sectors, where you could stay in the country after completing your education.

With its growth on the upswing, remarkable quality of education, comparatively reasonable costs, there is little wonder then that in the year 2017 alone, the number of international applicants to the Polish universities crossed the 30, 000 mark with Marie Curie-Skłodowska University being ranked first by the Perspektywy Education Foundation in their latest report, “International students in Poland 2017”. With such impeccable credentials, Poland is fast becoming the choice for young students seeking international degrees with excellent value.

Italy and specifically, Milan have a long, illustrious association with high fashion and luxury. It is here that the bespoke trousseau of the royal families of Europe would often be put together with Venetian lace by the nimble hands of Italian seamstresses. Leading market analysts and industry experts on the whole agree that luxury goods routinely perform better than others, even during times of economic downturn. The reason for this lies in their innate ability to meet the demand for the ‘exceptional’ expressed by an increasingly growing number of customers. In order to meet these expectations, luxury companies are on the lookout for candidates with cutting edge design skills, outstanding craftsmanship, the ability to deliver a unique customer experience and the ability to create strong associations through brand recognition.

A Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in fashion textiles and luxury goods management aims to teach the student how to design their ideas and transform them into luxuriant, viable products that satisfy all potential requirements and can be created for a niche segment with exquisite sensibilities, far beyond the mass manufacturing. This field also encourages and enables students to cultivate and enhance their creative and artistic problem-solving solutions in mastering silhouettes, assemblies and constituents of clothing and luxury goods. Students pursue an analytical as well as critical approach to fashion and events, develop originality in conceptualization and talent as well as hands-on ability and methodological understanding.

It is a privilege to be accepted into the Instituto Marangoni, Domus Academy, Istituto Europe di Design (IED), SDA Bocconi School of Management,  Politecnico di Milano School of Management – Neoma Business School (MIP), Bologna Business School – University of Bologna and the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy. The programs taught at any of the above universities are recognised world-wide and certain universities like the Politecnico di Milano are listed in the 2018 Global MBA Rankings – Tier One with three programs: MBA, Executive MBA and Online MBA. Also, the business schools in Italy have the prestigious EQUIS accreditation (European Quality Improvement System) and enjoy top ranking for the luxury specific discipline as mentioned in the Eduversal and QS World University Rankings.

The MBA program for Luxury Management is for a 12 month duration with an intake in September. The medium of instruction is English, although it is advantageous for the candidate to speak Italian. Also, the students can opt for a variety of modalities in terms of frequency like part time, full time, online mode of studies etc. However, for students who wish to study as regular full time students, the minimum requirement is a four year bachelor’s degree program or a three year bachelor’s degree program with one year of relevant professional experience. However, it is best to check with each school for its specific mandates.

For students who come from non-English speaking countries, the TOEFL/IELTS may be mandated to ascertain the proficiency. Unlike the Americas, the GRE/GMAT are not required for this program. Once they receive a letter of acceptance, the student must apply for a national ‘D’ visa to enable them to stay and study in Italy for a duration exceeding 90 days. Also, international students may also seek employment while studying after applying for a work permit, but one must keep in mind that the issuance of one may take well over two months. However, the rules differ for EU students and non-EU international students. The former can work up to 20 hours a week during the course and without restriction during vacations. However, non-EU international students cannot work for more than 20 hours a week, in term or during vacation and not at all, if they are enrolled under the National ‘C’ visa. Furthermore, any infraction of the rules can attract a fine of 1000 Euros. Also, international students who can do part time jobs are paid €5 – €15 per hour, depending on the work.

The tuition fees for the programs range from 10,000 Euros to 23,000 Euros, as per the school and the program. Bologna University Study Grants for International Students, Italian government Scholarships for foreign and IRE students are some of the scholarships that may be availed to subsidize the cost of tuition, as per merit. Student housing in Italy is often managed by the university office for international students. These accommodation offices provide information on renting apartments, which are generally cheaper than the cost of finding housing on the private market in Italy where the rent can range from €300-600 a month, depending on the size and location.

BMW Group, Bottega Veneta, Bulgari Roma, Calzedonia Group, Chanel, Chopard, Diesel, Gucci, Hugo Boss, Karl Lagerfeld, L’Oréal Luxe, LVMH Fragrance Brands, Max Mara Group, Michael Kors, Moncler, Montblanc, Saint Laurent, Stella McCartney, Starwood are some of the fashion houses that routinely recruit on campus at Neoma Business School from the IMLUX program.  The schools collaborate with the main industry leaders of today’s global marketplace, working closely with national and international employers promoting partnerships with them and organising activities all year round to bring to the students, the latest recruiting insights and market trends. The growth of the luxury market, unmindful of economic realities has underlined the immense growth potential of the segment. Italy is the destination of dreams for all those who choose to make their career in the management of bespoke luxury and glamor.

Salut, mon ami!  The luxury industry has dramatically changed in recent decades, through continued evolution in digital technologies, international markets, and consumer trends. Today’s successful companies are the ones that have preserved their heritage and fundamental values of beauty, creativity, and exclusivity, but at the same time, adapted to new trends and made the most of emerging opportunities.

Luxury management requires you to be both highly imaginative and highly disciplined. These are exciting times for the luxury industry, where the focus is on expanding to fascinating yet challenging new markets. Leading these expansions are international managers equipped with cutting edge management tools and creativity, who are very much in demand. Pursuing an Executive Masters in Luxury Management (EMiLUX) is a unique opportunity for talented international professionals, who desire to advance their career in this dynamic industry.

France has some of Western Europe’s leading business schools offering an MBA in International Luxury and Brand Management, the top ranker being the ESSEC Business School. Similarly, the MSc in Luxury Management & Marketing by the Emlyon Business School is at No. 8 in the Eduversal 2018 Best Business School Rankings. EMiLUX is a post-experience, modular executive program, taught over 13 months and spread over 5 cities. Doors that never existed till then will start opening to the participants of this program.  Their acquired knowledge will enhance their competency, thereby helping them successfully meet professional and personal goals.

The requirement for getting admission to the program is a university degree (in any discipline) with a minimum of 5 years of work experience (not necessarily in the Luxury industry). Moreover, the candidate must be at least 27 years old and must furnish a TOEFL or equivalent English proficiency test with a band 7 or above since English is the language of instruction across all business schools in France. Further, an added advantage of studying in France is that most of the EmiLUX degrees are double degrees, a coalition of two leading business schools, be it MIP and Neoma Business School in Paris or the Qualification degree by ESSEC Business School and specialization certificate by SDA Bocconi School of Management. Admissions to the Masters in Luxury and Brand Management and the MBA begin in September/October and the course is of 12 month duration, full time.

The course in luxury management is offered by business schools outside of Paris as well and schools featured in the Eduversal rankings. The fees for the course range from 30,000 Euros to 37, 000 Euros, depending on the location and ranking of the school.   The admission interview is the most crucial round for getting selected, and the resume of the prospective student also plays a large role in getting shortlisted. In addition, the candidate must be able to eloquently and succinctly prove his/her inclination towards the luxury segment.

Student housing in France is streamlined, and there are rooms earmarked in the university residences, also called cités U (U-residences), managed by the CROUS (Regional Centres of University and Academic Services), which is the most cost-effective student lodging. You can choose to contact the international relations department of your institute to find out if they have a specific agreement with the CROUS that is if you are planning to study and live on the Paris campus.

Private residences, though expensive, can have their own advantages. Check out the Résidences Estudines, Association pour le Développement Économique du Logement Étudiant (ADELE) and Centre de Logement pour Etudiants de France (CLEF) for housing facilities in the small cities and towns of France that are not served by CROUS. The average rent should range from 300 Euros to 600 Euros per month, excluding the cost of utilities, food, telephone and other such services. An international student with a study visa in France can take on paid work for a total of 964 hours in a single year as long as he/she possesses a valid residency permit. On the other hand, long-stay visas act as residence permits and are called VLT-TS, which can be availed by all international students, who wish to enrol in a course at a French institute of higher education.

Most of the business schools in France have a strong alumni association and routinely place students with avant-garde fashion labels after the successful completion of the course. Given that the business of luxury goods is not susceptible to routine economic market fluctuations, there is concrete growth in the sector and it is predicted that the demand will only grow with time. For a student of luxury brand management, studying in France will provide a strong knowledge base, which would allow one to be alive to evolving trends such as the ones experienced there. At ESSEC, the placement office boasts that 95% of those with an MBA in International Luxury Brand Management find positions within the luxury sector with salaries ranging from 40,000 Euros to upwards of 65,000 Euros, depending on experience.

So if you have an interest in luxury brand management, then you would be most benefitted from a degree in the same from France. Contact our expert counsellors today to know more about the study opportunities in France.

Georgia has become a popular study destination for prospective medical students who aspire to become doctors. Up to 55% of India’s 55,000 doctors graduate every year from private colleges, many of which charge illegal donations, or “capitation fees”. In Tamil Nadu, the cost of admission to medical college is Rs 2 crore for an MBBS seat. As an alternative to such practices, without compromising on the quality of education, Georgia has emerged as the hub for MBBS hopefuls.

While Russia and Ukraine too offer equally good medical education, it is worth noting that Georgian medical universities enjoy a higher ranking than the ones in these countries. Georgia is home to three reputed universities, which offer medical degrees such as MBBS (Bachelors of Medicine) and Masters in Medicine (M.D) programs. They are the David Tvildiani Medical University (AIETI Medical School), Akaki Tsereteli State University, University Geomedi, Tsiblisi State Medical University and University of Georgia. Given their popularity with international students from India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Trinidad and Tobago, Ghana, Nigeria etc., these universities have limited seats for their English medium MBBS and MD programs. Moreover, the admission process can be taxing given the competition for the seats. Furthermore, the greatest advantage of a degree from Georgia is the equivalence and acceptance of its validity across the EU, thereby giving it a greater value.

The yearly fee for the Tsiblisi University is $3500 at present, which can be paid as two semesters from the second year onward. The university follows the European Union syllabus, which makes it simpler for the transfer students. The overall duration in case of the MD [Diploma In Medicine course is 6 years, which is divided into 2 years of basic, 1 year of pre-clinical and 3 years of clinical courses. At AIETI, the duration of the educational process lasts for 6 years. It consists of three stages: Basic Medical Science (2.5 years), Clinical Science (2.5 years), Pre-diploma Specialization (Clinical Clerkship – one year). AIETI is included into the WHO AVICENNA Directory for medicine as well as a member of the Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), Association of Medical Schools in Europe (AMSE) and Organization for PhD Education in Biomedicine and Health Sciences in the European System (ORPHEUS). The medical degrees offered in Georgia are recognised world-wide and students preferring to work in the U.S or Europe undertake USMLE, PLAB, MCI or other board certification exams to become licensed.

For Indian students, the admission requires a 50 % score in the 12th standard with a major in Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Even better is that there is no IELTS/TOEFL requirement for those who have studied in an English medium program. Additionally, the tuition fee for the undergraduate medical program ranges from $5000-$7000 USD per annum with separate exam fees being charged. Furthermore, the admission intake is in February and September with the specific dates being released by the university. Look up the university website for more details. For a student visa, one must apply at the nearest Georgian embassy within the country and it takes 20 days to process the same. The ordinary visa is issued for 360 days with multiple entry permits or for 90 days with single or multiple entry permits. A foreigner working on Georgian territory should apply for a residence permit after his/her ordinary visa has expired.

While Georgia is sought after for its medical schools, the fact remains that most students choose to return to their native country or head to the U.S, Canada, UK after completing their medical degrees. With the limited scope for employment for medical graduates, given their professional degree, there is every possibility of setting up practice and practicing independently after course completion. Even so, once the degree is awarded, a lucrative career awaits the student in his/her home country or preferred destination, for which, he needs to appear for licensing exams. Given the ease and quality of training offered at Georgian universities, it is hardly surprising that each year the number of students seeking admission to their world class program has risen exponentially, when compared to the seats on offer. If you wish to embark on a career in medicine, this would be an avenue for you to achieve your dreams.

Good grades are a universal differentiator in gaining admission to reputed universities abroad. However, if all other parameters such as a good SAT/ACT/SAT II/GRE/GMAT score, reasonably good scores in the relevant subjects or work experience are met, then universities make allowances for an average Grade Point Average (GPA). They ask the student to justify the reasons for the below average grades. If the reasons for the low score are strong and acceptable, then you must clarify the same.

While justifying your low score may seem easy, a GPA justification essay is not only about justifying the low grades and attributing reasons for. You need to carry an in-depth analysis of the low scores and also inform the admissions committee of your takeaway or learning from this experience. Further, you also need to assure the Admissions Committee that this was a one-time drop in performance and that you are focussed and determined to excel in your chosen program during graduate studies.

The low GPA score justification can be attributed to the following:

Personal Problems – You can justify your low-performance level in one semester due to personal health issues or unfortunate personal reasons. This should be explained very politely and there is no reason to get emotional.

Good Grades in Major Subjects – If you have a low overall GPA but have very good grades in your major subjects or the field towards which you want to align yourself, then you can always use that to reinforce your passion in the particular subject area.

Financial Problems You had to study and work at the same time to make ends meet. Due to this, you were not able to fully focus on your studies. This would work in your favour. Avoid creating an emotional drama; simply explain your reasoning in a few sentences.

Relevant Work Experience – The negative effect of low grades can be diminished by mentioning your relevant work experience (internships etc.). You can also mention about attending workshops or certifications, extra courses taken and excellent scores in standardized testing like SAT, GRE, GMAT etc.

 

What will not work

You may claim that you do not perform well in examinations and therefore, your GPA is not a correct indicator of your potential and motivation. Also you may say that the methodology of grading adopted by the university prevented you from getting a good score. These reasons will not work as the GPA is not calculated on the basis of one exam on your bad day. In other words, you won’t succeed in making an acceptable point. Instead, you would end up wasting a few lines in distracting the admission committee from the actual subject.

When you do not have a good reason

Sometimes, you may not have the above-mentioned reasons to justify your low GPA.  At such times, you can seek the help of the faculty member who wrote your letter of recommendation. Your professor can be the right person to claim that your grades don’t reflect your potential and that you are genuinely motivated to pursue your field of study. He/she can mention these aspects in a few sentences in your letter of recommendation. So, prepare well in advance by maintaining good relations with your faculty members and request them to write excellent reference for you.

Use the right tone

While mentioning all these reasons, you need to be extra careful that you are polite, brief, rational and can logically articulate the reasons. Otherwise, instead of positively influencing the admissions committee, referring to your low GPA in a wrong way can backfire and reduce your chances of selection.

The following essay is an example of Grade Reflection or GPA justification:

I believe that grades are not an accurate and sole reflection of any candidate’s potential and overall ability as not everything can be measured by GPAs. In college, I took part in several extra-curricular activities and was part of International Society of Automation (ISA) student chapter where I held three different positions during my tenure as Jr. Co-ordinator, Public Relations Officer, and Chief Event Organizer. Managing academics with ISA was a demanding task and resulted in my grades dipping.   Determined to improve my grades, I learnt to be a better multi-tasker which resulted in better grades without sacrificing on my ISA and other responsibilities.

 

During my sophomore year, I was badly injured with a 90% ligament tear during a football tournament. The surgery and rehabilitation were even worse and it was a very daunting task managing my academics and ISA activities. This unfortunately had a negative impact on my grades. I remedied this situation quickly and I bounced back with better grades in my last three semesters. By participating in sports and student activities have improved my people and time management and organizational skills. This has helped me contribute academically, socially and professionally to other areas of my life. 

 

Here is an example of a Failure Essay:

Describe a situation in your life in which you have failed to achieve a goal. What did you learn from this experience? (Max. 400 words)

As part of the Oracle ERP team, I was the Technical Lead of a project for a Fortune 500 financial service company in London whereas my team was in India. The client’s upgradation of its IT application had shown up many defects and we were tasked to get this application which had high management visibility to work smoothly.

Being at the client site in London, I was the only one interacting directly with them and relying on my offshore-team to fix defects. Tight deadlines led to my putting additional pressure on my teammates to work long hours and forgo weekends. As all client escalations came to me to firefight, I became a taskmaster and in the process, lost my personal and human touch. Constant rounds of meetings and tight schedules meant additional stress and my inability to hand-hold members of my team who needed my support. I did not have the patience to listen to them as I just wanted the job completed. Few of my team-mates saw this opportunity as a challenge and rose to the occasion, while the others succumbed to the pressure and escalated against me. Their chief concern was that I was not available to them.

Though we succeeded in stabilizing the application, I consider this as a failure because I could not bring my entire team to share the common vision. I was not there to mentor those who needed help.  This resulted in my leadership skills being questioned impacting my appraisal and promotion that year.

I realize I should have given clearer roadmaps and background information of the project’s challenges to my team. It would have helped if I included them in a few client calls to appraise them of the client’s position.  I also wrongly expected every member to put in the same effort as me but I realize that some had other priorities which impacted their level of involvement. With time, I have learned to respect that.

I applied these learnings to my subsequent projects. Before recruiting anyone in the team, I lay out a clear set of expectations and guidelines and listen more to their feedback. I have also become more communicative especially when the team is up against difficult challenges and need special support. These steps have gone a long way in increasing personal team bonding and we have since stuck together even during trying times.

                                  

With this example, we come to an end of the GPA justification essay module.  You can also refer to other justification statements in the Sample Documents available on Converge.

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