Careers in Biomechanics

| Careers in Biomechanics -An article about the scope and fields in Biomechanics. | Careers in Biomechanics

Biomechanics is the research and analysis of the mechanics of living organisms or the application and derivation of engineering principles to and from biological systems. {Wikipedia}. The discipline has had a very early beginning. Aristotle is supposed to have written the first book on biomechanics, called De Motu Animalium {On the movement of Animals}. Careers in Biomechanics 

Initially, there was a controversy between the terms to be used to represent this science. In the US, the use of mathematical and mechanical principals to study human movement was termed kinesiology while in Europe it was called biomechanics. Biomechanics has gradually come to be the most widely accepted term worldwide.

Biomechanists apply the principals of mechanics and engineering to study the forces that act on the body and the effects they produce. Biomechanics is divided into different areas such as Kinesiology, Statics, Dynamics, Temporal Analysis, Kinematics and Kinetics. Careers in Biomechanics

Kinesiology is considered to be the parent discipline of biomechanics that investigates movement. Kinesiology, the parent discipline of biomechanics, is a science that investigates movement. It can be divided into the mechanical and anatomical aspects of human movement. The mechanical aspects can be further subdivided into statics and dynamics. Statics is a branch of mechanics that investigates bodies, masses and forces at rest or in equilibrium. Dynamics investigates bodies, masses and forces in motion. Dynamics consists of temporal analysis, kinematics and kinetics. Careers in Biomechanics

Temporal analysis uses time as the sole basis for analysis.  Kinematics investigates motion without reference to masses or forces. Kinetics investigates the actions of forces in producing or changing the motion of masses.

{Source: University of Nebraska}

Biomechanics plays a major role in sports. Sports biomechanist provide valuable guidance to athletes to improve their skills and performance. Sports biomechanist also concentrate on reducing the injury levels of athletes by providing them with elaborate exercise regimen. Biomechanical analysis is also conducted in areas such as competition, training and injury diagnosis.

Biomechanist analyze the changes in an athlete’s technique under competition stress. Training analysis concentrates on variables that are important for a sustained good performance. Injury is also diagnosed through biomechanical analysis and a proper rehab plan is charted out for injured athletes.

The field of biomechanics has evolved in a major way in the 20th C. and is today a professional area of study. There are university programs in biomechanics in over 85 universities in the US and Canada. Thousands of biomechanists are employed today in diverse areas such as universities, institutes and industries throughout the world.
The salary package of biomechanical engineers differs according to the specialty, industry and education. The average median income of a biomechanical professional according to a 2005 conducted by the National Association of Colleges and Employers was $ 48503 with a bachelor’s degree and $ 59667 with a Master’s degree.

{Source: US Department of Labor}

References:

 Western Australian Institute of Sport

University of Nebraska

American Society of Biomechanics

University of Southern California

National Society of Professional Engineers