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Career after BE in Civil Engineering

Career after BE in Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering involves designing, constructing, building and maintaining of structures in a physically built society. It includes basic civic amenities like roads, bridges, dams, sewage treatment systems, airports, energy systems, infrastructure for beautifying the environment and so on. Career after BE in Civil Engineering

By the time a student finishes his 4 year bachelor’s course in civil engineering, he is well versed with mathematics, statistics, engineering mechanics, fluid dynamics etc. He is then prepared to step into the work environment and apply the knowledge gained practically. Career after BE in Civil Engineering

Within the industry, a civil engineer is also known as a City engineer or a Transportation engineer. Civil Engineers mostly work indoors, however sometimes they need to visit the construction sites to monitor progress.

A civil engineer’s role typically involves the following:

  • Analyzing survey maps and planning projects, reports, presentation etc.
  • Efficient planning taking government rules and regulations along with cost and environment into consideration
  • Testing and retesting of ground and soil
  • Testing materials like concrete, asphalt, steel etc.
  • Determining a project’s cost estimate
  • Use of specific designing software
  • Take environmental impacts into consideration
  • Participate in surveys as guidance for construction

Being the second largest growing industry in the country, pursuing a career in Civil engineering has great scope. Based on surveys about 30% of India’s working population depends on it.

Jobs are easily available in various sectors like research, government, private and business organization

One can expect a good salary package. It can start with 3 lacs per annum, which doubles after 1-2 years. It can go up-to a 6-figure amount as the number of years in a company increases.

The career prospects for a civil engineer are as follows: Career after BE in Civil Engineering

 

                   Post

Annual Income (average)

·         Water Resource Engineer Rs 260000
·         Site Engineer Rs 310000
·         Structural Engineer Rs 475000
·         Contract Engineer Rs 375000
·         Nuclear Engineer Rs 330000
·         Transportation Engineer Rs 300000
·         Geotechnical Engineer Rs 330000
·         Building Services Engineer Rs 300000
·         Coastal Engineer Rs 500000
·         Quantity Surveyor Rs 670000
·         Geologist Engineer Rs 480000
·         Environment Engineer Rs 350000
·         Sustainability Consultant Rs 550000
·         Construction Engineer Rs 330000
·         Research and  Development Rs 500000

 

When to apply Fall or Spring intake

When to apply fall or spring intake ?

The decision to apply to universities abroad is followed by a series of preparations that students need to undertake. Being a relatively new process, students are often plagued by a horde of questions and one such question is when to apply, during spring or fall semester? Students often wonder if applying for the fall season has any benefits and what are the pros and cons of applying for either of these intakes. Coming to a conclusion requires a comparative analysis of the various advantages and disadvantages, which can help the student to arrive at a well-planned and carefully thought out decision. When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

Fall vs. spring intake When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

  1. Check if university offers both intakes When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

It is important to ascertain whether the universities in question accept applications for both the seasons. Almost 75 percent of universities in the US do not have a spring intake for a majority of the courses.  Thus, if you wish to apply for the spring intake, you should conduct a detailed research on the prospective universities, and find out whether they accept students in that season or not.

  1. Courses offered When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

An advantage of applying during the fall intake is that there are comparatively a higher number of courses offered by a university as the number of applicants is higher during the fall semester. In spring, there are comparatively fewer students applying, and so the courses offered by the university are also fewer in numbers. Thus, if you want to pursue a course which is relatively new and is a rare choice of specialization, then there is a possibility that the course may not be offered in the spring semester. So, you must check your target universities if they offer the courses, especially if you are applying for the spring intake.

  1. Need time to prepare When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

More students apply for the fall intake since, by that time, they have already finished their undergrad degree.  Since students from most countries complete their Undergraduate course by May/June, they have a few months to relax and prepare for the fall semester, which begins in September.

  1. Chances of getting admission When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

Acceptance rates usually do not depend on the semester you are applying for, but since the class sizes are larger for the fall season, the number of admits during the fall term is greater.  On the other hand, as there are a fewer number of students who apply for the spring term, the chances of securing admission at selective school tends to be higher than the fall.

  1. Second Choices When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

If you apply to a university in the fall semester, you, at least, have the option of trying again and applying for the spring semester if nothing works out for you, but you may lose out on such an opportunity if you only apply for the spring intake as the fall application deadlines may have passed.

  1. Participate in extracurricular activities at University

If participating in extracurricular activities and being a part of organizations and student clubs is important for you, then applying for a fall semester will give you more opportunities because student elections take place at the end of spring. If you apply for the spring semester, you are a newcomer and less known in comparison to fall students who have been in the university for a longer time.

  1. Assistantship Opportunity When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

Assistantship are usually secured by 2nd year students on campus as they have had an opportunity to showcase their skills and talents to the concerned professor.  As these students graduate, the vacated positions are available for the taking.  Fall semester students generally have an advantage over Spring students as they have extensively interacted with professors through their coursework; hence, the changes of securing the assistantship is much higher.

  1. Internships outside the campus When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

Universities have mandated that their students must be a part a program for at least nine months before they get permission to apply for off-campus internships. Applying during the spring means one cannot work off campus during the summer season when most companies have formal internship programs.  However, if the university treats the internship as part of coursework, this issue becomes moot.

  1. Recruitment

Campus recruitments are usually organized during the second year of the course. If you are a spring intake student, it means you will have completed two semesters and if you are a fall intake student then you will have completed three semesters. Thus, fall intake students will have spent more time in the university and therefore will have an advantage over spring intakes.  The extra semester helps them boost their profile and enhance their resume as they will have the opportunity to pursue projects, secure internships, engage in leadership roles, and be a part of student clubs.  This gives fall semester students an edge when it comes to getting an on-campus job and full-time job.

  1. Weather When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

If you decide to study in a sunny and warm state like California or Florida, you will enjoy a pleasant climate. But if the chosen university is in the colder regions of the country, and if you join in January, then you will face extreme weather conditions which can be uncomfortable and difficult to handle. Thus, you must keep the weather in mind before finalizing on which semester you want to join.

Spring or fall, this decision should be based on your needs and it should depend on your requirements and future plans. Take the time to view each option from every angle and then arrive at a concrete conclusion. There is no strict rule or option that you must take, after all, you are the best judge of your career.

SAT Test Format and Scoring

SAT Test Format and Scoring

What is SAT? SAT Test Format and Scoring

The SAT is a standardized and general test of verbal and quantitative reasoning which is required by many US colleges and universities as part of their admission process. Originally, it was called the Scholastic Aptitude Test, and now it is known as SAT. It is a three-hour test that measures the verbal and mathematical reasoning skills that students have developed over time. Many colleges and universities use the SAT as one of the admission criteria among others such as, class rank, GPA, participation in extracurricular activities, personal essay and letters of recommendation.  SAT Test Format and Scoring

SAT consists of two different examinations:  SAT Test Format and Scoring

  • The SAT Reasoning Test (Earlier known as SAT I)
  • The SAT Subject Test (Earlier known as SAT II)

Some institutions require only one of these tests whereas some require both.

The SAT Reasoning Test:

It is a three hour and forty-five minute test which comprises of three sections: Critical Reading, Math, and Writing. This test is designed to measure critical thinking and analytical skills.

1)    MATHEMATICS:  SAT Test Format and Scoring

In this section, students are tested on basic arithmetic, algebra, geometry and a few miscellaneous topics such as data interpretation and applied math.

Questions are of two main types:

  • Problem solving – multiple choice (5 answer choice)
  • Student-produced response questions (‘grid-ins’)

 The three sections are as follows:

  • One section contains 8 questions and 10 grid-ins (duration-25 minutes)
  • One section contains 20 questions (duration- 25 minutes)
  • One section containing 16 questions (duration- 20 minutes)

There are a total of 54 scored math questions in one test.

Each of the divisions has a maximum score of 800, giving a maximum overall score of 2400. Students can use calculators during the test.

 CRITICAL READING:

The critical reading section tests the student’s ability to read and understand written English. There are two types of questions:

  • Sentence Completion
  • Reading Comprehension

3)  WRITING:  SAT Test Format and Scoring

 Writing skills are tested through:

  • One Essay – Duration being 25 minutes
  • Grammar questions – having two sections, one of 25 minutes and another of 10 minutes

The grammar questions are of three types:

  • Identification of errors in sentences
  • Sentence correction
  • Editing in context

The SAT Subject Test:

They are a series of one-hour multiple-choice tests in subjects such as Literature, US and World History, Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics.

Some universities will also require two to three SAT Subject Tests, in addition to the SAT Reasoning Test. Some courses have specific requirements. A student can give up to three subject tests on the same day. However, it is not possible to sit for the SAT Reasoning Test and SAT Subject Tests on the same day.

SAT Registration:  SAT Test Format and Scoring

Students have two registration options, namely- Online registration and postal mail registration.

For online registration, students must go to the College Board website. To register by mail, students have to get a SAT Paper Registration Guide. In online registration, registration fees must be paid via credit card. To register by postal mail, payment must be made by cheque.  The registration deadlines are generally three to four weeks before the test date.

What to bring during the SAT?  SAT Test Format and Scoring

  • Admission ticket
  • A valid photo ID
  • Pencils with erasers
  • A calculator
  • A watch to keep track of time

SAT Scoring:

In the Math, Reading and Writing Sections-

  • 1 point is awarded for each correct answer
  • In case questions are skipped or answered incorrectly there is no negative marking.
  • Total scores range between 400 and 800

Since marks are not deducted for incorrect answers, students should try to answer all the questions.

In the Essay-

Students are required to refer to the passage and write a well-thought out argument.

  • Two readers read and score a student’s essay based on his reading, analysis, and writing abilities.
  • Each reader gives the essay a score ranging between 1 and 4 points in each category, for a total possible score of 8 points.

SAT Results

The SAT score report will be available online approximately two to three weeks after the student has given his test. If a student is registered for the test online and wants to receive a score report on paper in addition to the online score report, then he must request for it at the time of registration.

Sending SAT Scores:

SAT score reporting policy, called the Score Choice, allows students to pick and choose which scores they want to send to the colleges, thereby giving students more control over how and when colleges receive their scores.

Every time a student takes the SAT, the scores for each test are maintained separately. If a student takes the SAT multiple times, he can select which test scores are to be submitted to the colleges. If a student does not use the Score Choice, all the test scores will be sent to colleges.

Students can select up to four colleges to send SAT scores at the time of registration. However, if a student decides to go for this option, he will not be able to view his scores before the score reports are sent to those four colleges.

Cancelling SAT Scores:  SAT Test Format and Scoring

A student can submit a request to cancel his SAT scores. However, cancelling scores is an extreme measure and hence it is recommended to do so only if a student had to leave the testing centre in the middle of the test due to an emergency which makes him believe that the score will not be good. Once such a request is made, the score will never be reported to the student or any college.

how to build your profile for masters

How to build your profile for Masters?

Gaining admission in universities abroad is becoming increasingly competitive. With thousands of applications pouring in against only a few hundred seats, students need to create a profile that stands out and immediately makes the Admission Committee take notice. While it is imperative to work towards creating a strong and unique profile to secure admission into a prestigious university, students are often confused and unsure of how to create a glowing profile. Here are a few pointers that will help to build an excellent profile for Master’s and make a difference. How to build your profile for Masters  ?

1)  Identify your USP (Unique Selling Point) How to build your profile for Masters  ?

Many applicants will have a similar or even better academic record and test scores than you.  In order to stand out and make your profile unique, you must identify your USP and highlight it to bring it to the notice of the admission committee. Start by jotting down your strengths. Give specific examples and quote instances from your academic or professional life that can substantiate the strengths you want to highlight. Focus on strengths that will help you to succeed in the program you’re applying to.  A certificate of completion or achievement is a good way to validate your strengths. Another advice is to compartmentalize your strength into categories such as academic, professional, communication or technical prowess. Thus, identifying your USP and mentioning it in your application essay will help you to put together a powerful application.

2) Write a succinct and powerful Resume How to build your profile for Masters  ?

The University admission committee has to go through several thousand applications, but to ensure that the admission committee does not overlook your application, you must create a succinct and powerful one-page long resume which highlights your strengths and achievements. It must provide more information to the admission committee than what is included in the application and helps them to evaluate your candidacy in a better manner. University resumes should be designed to enhance your application and provide yet another opportunity to showcase your worth as an ideal candidate. You must use crisp language and a clean layout, covering topics like academic achievements, extracurricular involvement, volunteer or community service, certifications, research, publications and leadership experience.

3) An interesting and engaging Statement of Purpose How to build your profile for Masters  ?

Your Statement of Purpose (SOP) gives you the opportunity to display your passion and interest for the intended specialization and gives you an opportunity to explain the lacunae in your academic credentials. Your focus has to be on clearly explaining the purpose you are applying for a particular specialization.  It should also contain a brief introduction of yourself and your academic background. You must also mention your short-term and long-term goals in one paragraph.  These goals have to be as specific as possible. Describe your academic or any professional background that is relevant to your purpose. You should also give details about what motivated you to pursue further studies and have you chosen the university you are applying to. This paragraph requires you to research the program, curriculum, and faculty, so that you can highlight the specific aspects that make the university your preferred choice. It is always a good idea to take the opinions of others and seek professional help from experts like education advisers or counsellors as the SOP greatly determines your chance of getting admission in your dream university.

4) Letter of Recommendation How to build your profile for Masters  ?

Refer to your strengths in the USP list that you have made and think of people who can vouch for your strengths like a good academic record, motivation, creativity, communication skills, integrity, etc.   You must take help of your professors to write impressive letters of recommendation as they qualify to truly assess your performance and vouch for your academic credentials. However, if you have any work experience ranging to a year or more, then get at least one reference from your workplace as well. A master’s degree requires the student to submit three recommendations; hence it is ideal to get one professional and two academic letters of recommendation. This will give the admission committee a balanced opinion of your academic and professional capabilities.

 5) Work experience in a prestigious company How to build your profile for Masters  ?

If the company you are currently working in has a very competitive and difficult recruiting process, it makes the Admission Committee view your profile in a positive light. Also working in a reputed company makes your profile stronger and makes the admission committee realize that you are an exceptional student with excellent skills and academic record to have bagged a prestigious job or internship at a reputed company.

6) Diversify your profile How to build your profile for Masters  ?

Apart from the technical skills, if you have learnt any new and different skills through extra certification courses or have any experience that can add value to your profile you must mention it. For example, if you have volunteered for any special projects and participated in any conferences or competitions, you must highlight these points to bring it to the notice of the admission committee.

7) Work towards creating a well-rounded personality How to build your profile for Masters  ?

You do not want to come across as a uni-dimensional person with only academic or professional interest. Universities believe in taking students who have a holistic and well-rounded personality. If you are a sport enthusiast or have joined any social cause or started a small entrepreneurial venture, you must highlight these in your profile.

8) Publish your research work How to build your profile for Masters  ?

Published research work indubitably adds to your profile in terms of research skills and speaks volumes about your academic interests. A good publishing record is a strong indicator that you will be an asset to the research community in that university. Thus, if you have written any research paper or dissertation at graduate school, you must mention it in your profile to highlight your research skills. This will give you an edge over your competitors.

Following the above pointers will help you to create a strong and unique profile that the admission committee will review in a positive light. Working towards creating a strong and unique profile requires time and commitment, so if you want to secure admission to your chosen university, you must make a plan and start working towards it well in advance to create an exemplary profile and maximize your chances of securing admission.

Importance of career counselling

Importance of Career Counselling

Students often find themselves at crossroads when they reach Class XII. The question is, “What next?”, to which they do not have definite answers. They consult their parents, peers or class teachers who are, in reality, ill-equipped to guide them due to their limited knowledge of the many career options available today. In such instances, a student would benefit greatly by consulting a qualified and experienced career counsellor, who would have a holistic approach in determining a suitable choice of career. Importance of Career Counselling

Career counsellors assist in discovering a student’s potential and aptitude, and accordingly suggest the right course of study to enhance the student’s career prospects. They usually test students for 3 three key factors – aptitude, interest and personality. These aspects help them in deciding the right career path for a student.

Why is Career Counselling Important? Importance of Career Counselling

Choosing a suitable career option influences a student’s course of life. Taking informed decisions at the right time could bring in wonderful opportunities as opposed to wrong ones, which could ruin a student’s future as these decisions are often irreversible. In such a situation, approaching a career counsellor would be a step in the right direction.

With an increase in the number and diversity of openings in the market, the importance of career counselling has also increased manifold. People realize the fact that not all can become engineers or doctors and have now started exploring other fields depending on their talent and interest in alternate domains.

Benefits of Career Counselling Importance of Career Counselling

Career Counselling helps in determining a student’s true potential. Students are often confused about their career preferences. Aptitude tests and counselling sessions would help identify their field of specialization. This would indeed help a student in following the right course of study for accomplishing his career goal.

Secondly, despite having a clear idea of their choice of career, students do not have the requisite knowledge to plan their higher course of specialized study in order to fulfill the eligibility for their chosen field. In such a scenario, career counselling can help clear these doubts by giving them clarity and vision regarding what they can expect from various educational courses. Sometimes, students have pre-conceived ideas about certain fields. Counselling would help build in awareness by putting things in the right perspective. Importance of Career Counselling

Students are often overwhelmed by the prospect of change and the chain of events that lead to their eventual admission for higher studies. At such times, the essential support provided by the counsellor throughout the admission process can boost their morale and give them the confidence to face all odds. Counsellors play a crucial role in building the motivational level of students, which is necessary for long term success. Career counselling also teaches students ways and means to expand their network, which in turn enhances emotional support during their course of higher study. Importance of Career Counselling

While college truly is about overall development of a student’s personality, counselling at an early stage could help one gain the right perspective, especially with the number of new career options coming up every day, which would otherwise not be considered by students. Early counselling assists students in reflecting on their personalities and abilities, likes and dislikes, and how these would align with various career paths. This would help students have a focused approach in their search for a suitable University for continuing their higher education and realizing their career aspirations. Importance of Career Counselling

Under the guidance of an experienced counsellor, students attain calm confidence and focused ambition for achieving success in their chosen field. Importance of Career Counselling

Field Change after Engineering

Field Change after Engineering

| Field Change after Engineering : Felt the need to take a different specialization in your masters? | Field Change after Engineering

What are the things you need to keep in mind during a Field Change after Engineering (E.g. Engineering in EXTC to Masters in CS)/ changing fields after engineering? (Engineering in CS and masters in ECE)

Have you ever got bored of studying the branch of engineering you are in? Have you ever felt the need to change your field in order to avail of better job opportunities? If your answer to the above questions is yes, then read on.

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Top Fields for MS in USA

After earning a Bachelors degree in one of the engineering fields, your next step would be to go to graduate school. But stepping into this field has manifold options. An engineering student going for Masters in Engineering is an antiquated approach. The world of education is in the midst of a metamorphosis. Why should you follow the beaten path? During the course of your Bachelors education, you may have developed an interest for something pertaining to the science field, but adrift from the core science subjects or interdisciplinary fields of science. Well, worry no more because there is a plethora of subjects that you can choose from to major in.

The field of sciences is witnessing a revolution with several neoteric subjects. The scope of studying in the science field has broadened to include – Top Fields for MS in USA Top Fields for MS in USA Top Fields for MS in USA

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MS in UK

Are you confused about which continent to choose for pursuing higher studies? While Europe’s rich culture and heritage may attract you, the American hype may also lure you. No matter which side of the ocean you choose, both USA, and European countries share an excellent quality of higher education, magnificent research facilities, and academic freedom. Before applying to top-notch universities, you must consider a few things about attending graduate school abroad. In this article, we will highlight the pros and cons of European and American education system and underline the differences between the two in terms of:- MS in UK MS in UK MS in UK MS in UK

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Study in Canada for Indian Students

Study in Canada for Indian Students

Canada is the preferred destination for vocational studies rather than degree courses as the former seem to provide more employment opportunities. Study in Canada for Indian Students

Minimum academic record of 65% and above for humanities stream in class XII, and 70 – 80% and above for Science/Commerce stream in class XII will also be required.

The major intake season for the top courses in Canada is September, while the minor intake season is January, which is meant for a fairly small number of courses. Study in Canada for Indian Students

You should start your admission process around six months before the application deadline. Typically most universities have three deadlines, from October to January.

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5 best countries to study MBA abroad