In 2015, Frankfurt was adjudged the most sustainable city in the world, as per a new ranking presented by the consultancy Arcadis’ Sustainable Cities Index. A sustainable city can be defined as one that functions without causing difficulties for either the citizens or the environment in the future. Frankfurt’s environment department announced that as much as 50 percent of the city is green. A large part of the city – which comprises of landscapes like woodlands, meadows, grasslands, gardens, parks, grass verges and water bodies – has been designed with an aim to minimise carbon footprint.

As a system that concerns the development and designing of land, sustainable town planning can be described as a process that supports an effective functioning of resources, including transportation, communication and distributed networks without bringing about issues that can adversely affect the environment. Effective planning, to this end, includes considering the requirements of people and the environment and, at the same time, understanding the limitations of development. For example, in an endeavour to establish natural habitats and maintain biodiversity (key facets to our continued existence), it is important that town planning identifies the limitations of development. Today, there is a growing need for innovative strategies that rely on effective land use and minimise damage to natural resources. Sustainable town planning aims at converting land spaces into healthier and salubrious neighbourhoods.

To serve the sustainable town planning domain, one should possess a broad skillset that comprises of attributes like keenness to be up to date with the current trends, exhaustive knowledge of environmental issues in order to devise innovative solutions and passion to build better places. In addition, one should have excellent negotiation and communication skills to consult with stakeholders and parties as well as interact with developers and professionals, including architects and surveyors. The ability to effectively evaluate planning applications and attention to detail to understand findings, being up to date with policies concerning designing of spaces, carefully analysing data, and designing layouts and landscapes and drafting statements are handy skills that professionals in the sustainable town planning sector should possess.

Pursuing a specialised program in sustainable town planning will broaden one’s knowledge base in regional planning and enhance their skillset in areas including, but not limited to, design making, finance, policy development, and planning law and legislation.

Graduates of sustainable town development can apply for jobs within, both, private and public sectors. Career opportunities exist in private planning consultancies, where one can serve as an advisory and/or consultant to organisations concerning planning schemes. Furthermore, prospects are also available in housing associations, neighbourhood planning organisations, private developers, utility companies and retail businesses

A variety of roles – including housing manager and officer, town planner, inspector/conservation officer of historical buildings and structures, and transportation officer – exist in the public spectrum. In addition to planning, design and development, jobs are also available in areas like transport, environmental consultancy and economic development. Some of the other jobs in the domain include, but are not limited to, community development worker, landscape architect, sustainability consultant civil service administrator, environmental manager and planning and development surveyor.

Since the 1960s, the need for sustainability in the modern architectural domain has enhanced dramatically with the introduction of what has been referred to as “Green Buildings”. Today’s ecologically conscious world calls for using innovative techniques while developing buildings that are environmentally friendly; thereby, lowering the adverse effects of construction through factors like efficient energy consumption and development space.

By addressing the undesirable and unfavourable impacts of buildings, sustainable architecture takes into account design technologies, development space and energy that do not pose harm to the environment or the ecosystem. According to the Bureau of Labour Statistics (BLS), sustainable architecture aims at limiting the wastage of energy and water. To reach maximum energy efficiency, sustainable architects construct buildings out of recyclable or renewable materials.

In an effort to preserve the environment from practices that are detrimental to the community, the need for sustainable architecture has increased by leaps and bounds in the recent past.  Sustainable architects supervise the construction and design of buildings with a focus on the effect the structure will have on the environment. For instance, they will use building materials that will not cause landfills; and will ascertain that the practices and equipment they deploy are energy efficient.

As part of their jobs, sustainable architects are responsible for reviewing regulations handed down from authorities that have jurisdiction in the particular project site; making certain that factors like soil and weather conditions and topography are analysed at length before commencing the construction. Regularly consulting clients about their spatial and functional requirements and budgets; as well as integrating different aspects of the construction process into a single project plan only lead to further efficiency and cost saving.

As per the Bureau of Labour Statistics, the most basic prerequisite to pursue a career in sustainable architecture is a bachelor’s degree. Some of the graduate-level programs also require completing certain number of studio hours, which allows students to apply their skills in drafting and design techniques. Those interested in pursuing graduate education in the domain can explore concentrations like ecology, environmental technology and sustainable design. One can also look into landscape design programs – with courses like, but not limited to horticulture, site planning, geology and visual design. Post-secondary applicants seeking a career in sustainable architecture can consider enrolling in programs like architecture, sustainable development, mechanical engineering, environmental design and planning and environmental engineering.

Some of the top universities offering graduate courses in sustainable architecture include Harvard University, Columbia University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Yale University and University of Texas.

Recently, the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design program (LEED) was set up by the US Green Building Council (USGBC), which offers qualified individuals the certification to be a LEED Green Associate. BLS also mandates those considering a career in sustainable architecture to have relevant license(s).

Those considering a career in sustainable architecture can seek employment opportunities in, both, private and public sectors. One can get jobs in a variety of roles – including, but not limited to, project designer and architect, architectural service management, transit architect and interior designer – at architectural firms, consulting firms, engineering firms, educational services, and building, developing and general contracting.

At entry level, sustainable architects can earn up to $45,000 a year. On the other hand, the salary range of those with adequate professional experience in the domain lies within $80,000 and $85,000 a year.


Every culture is manifested in the type of food and ingredients that are typical of the region or community. Today, chefs like Gaggan Anand, Vikas Khanna and Sanjeev Kapoor are all household names, with the fame and popularity that rivals those of cricketers and even, film stars. Even in the West, the names Nigella Lawson, Emeril, Bobby Flay are all master epicures as well as Master Chefs in their own right.

Being a Chef needs the person to have a balance of creativity and the scientific precision of a researcher to draw the exact taste on the palate as can be. Chef Vikas Khanna is an alumnus of the Welcome Group School of Hotel Administration, Manipal, as is Chef Kunal Kapoor, both of whom have popularised the MasterChef India series. However, few know that to gain exposure to European and Western cuisine, Chef Khanna has also taken courses at Cornell University, Culinary Institute of America, and New York University. Little wonder then that his name is now eponymous with the ten greatest Chefs of all time like Julia Child, Jamie Oliver, Clemens Wilmenrod, Massimo Bottura and David Chang.

In addition to America’s gastronomic inventions, Old-school Europe has always had its delights of fresh food, wine and epicurean fantasies that aspiring chefs the world over dream to master. Le Cordon Bleu, incepted in 1895, now offers a network of 50 schools on five continents enrolling 20,000 students annually. Each school offers its own list of culinary short courses and demonstrations; with fees ranging from EU 199 to above EU 18,000, depending on the course. To be accepted to Le Cordon Blue, one must be over 18 years of age, should have completed 12th grade or High School Diploma and may also provide prior culinary experience. For more details, please visit the site, https://www.cordonbleu.edu/paris/how-to-apply/en. These admission requirements are for the undergraduate program and echo across every culinary school in all continents.

For the graduate program, the student must gain apprenticeship with renowned chefs, restaurants, where fine dine cuisine and varied cooking styles may be imbibed. Along with this, each school mandates the criteria for having completed a Bachelor’s degree in Hospitality/Culinary Arts or an equivalent degree. The candidate must also have excellent credentials and range imbibed through practical training and may have to give a demonstration to the panel, to qualify for a seat with reputed institutes like the Louisiana Culinary School, Culinary Institute of America, Sorbonne Institute of Culinary Arts, among others.

The term ‘Chef’ before a name qualifies an individual to be distinguished for his skill in presenting epicurean delights implementing his knowledge of sensory and visual stimulants in the use of ingredients and cooking methods. With the proliferation of media and news, the number of food based content have dominated the market, with internet upping the ante. Most Chefs across the globe have their own signature show on primetime slots as well as their own signature restaurants, a la Sanjeev Kapoor, Julia Child, Vikas Khanna, among others. Fame, popularity and not to mention, excellent remuneration go hand in hand for those masters of the kitchen, who have perfected both style, method and presentation.

Top dollar Executive Chef jobs are limited, but leading positions are available at fine-dining restaurants, and in domestic and international resorts and hotels. The average salary for an Executive Chef could well be upwards of $130, 000, depending on the property he serves. The salaries for head chefs are between $50,000 and $100,000, closely followed by Assistant Chefs, Sous Chefs and others. With top dollar remuneration, the freedom to build a brand lies in the skill of the individual who chooses this eclectic and exciting profession to become a Master in the Culinary Arts. You could work at a fine restaurant or even seed your own restaurant under your very own signature brand, like the Australian legend, Gordon Ramsey. The call to be a Chef is a vocation, where along with titillating their taste buds, you also find a home in people’s hearts and memories, with meal-times becoming occasions for people to get together and bond with each other.

As computers revolutionise the world around us, spilling into every aspect of our lives, right from banking, financial markets, e-commerce, manufacturing, healthcare and many more sectors, the demand for computer technologists is on the rise. Similarly, several fields that intersect with Computer Science have surfaced, which require a combination of skill sets for successful execution. With students being absorbed in various roles in companies like Google, Microsoft and Facebook as well as at start-ups and small and medium enterprises, these graduates having diverse backgrounds are very much in demand. The combination of skills has helped them take up prime positions in industries like bioinformatics, medicine, finance, telecommunications, media and many others.

As young aspirants contemplate switching over to Computer Science or allied fields like Data Science, Computer Engineering, MIS or Business Analytics, they are wracked by apprehension, self-doubt and a feeling of moving out of safe territory. This has dissuaded many from changing their fields after graduating, and they continue to work in an environment that does not provide job satisfaction. Well, the good news is that one can make a smooth transition with a little timely planning and effort towards imbibing the requisite skills. Pursuing a Master’s level program in Computer Science related field that suits your interests, could very well allow you to change to the Computer Science field.

With more universities recognising this need and filling this gap by offering programs that are flexible regarding program pre-requisites, aspiring students can now take up this opportunity to pursue such a program and give wings to a career in fields allied to Computer Science like Data Science, MIS, Computer Engineering, Business Analytics. However, you will need to build your profile appropriately to be able to pursue a program in the Computer Science allied field. The work experience and training you currently have can help you, but you may need to do more to transition to the Computer Science or allied field. Focussing on the following aspects and systematically planning each step would indeed help your transition become a smooth and stress-free process: 

  1. Chalking out your career goals and working backwards towards choosing a suitable program will help you identify your interests and pursue a program that would be extremely beneficial as you launch yourself in a new field.
  2. Check out your eligibility to apply to this program. Depending on the prerequisites, you need to build your profile in such a way that you meet the requirements of the program. Courses in Mathematics, Operating Systems, Data Structures, etc. that you may have covered during your college studies may help you meet some of these prerequisites. You then need to show the test result of that course. Sometimes universities ask you to take these prerequisite courses before the commencement of the graduate program.
  3. Gaining professional experience in the form of internship or a job role that is relevant to the program of your choice would increase your eligibility for the program. It highlights your capabilities in the particular domain and proves your readiness to take up the relevant Master’s program in a CS allied field.
  4. A strong Statement of Purpose (SOP) that shows your passion and interest in CS allied fields like Computer Engineering, Business Analytics, MIS or Data Science would work in your favour. If your reason is valid and acceptable enough, then Universities would definitely give you admission to the said program. Moreover, all the application essays need to be well-thought out and well-written.

Given below is information that would be beneficial in preparing for a career in a CS allied field:

Computer and Information Technology (MCIT)

Master’s of Computer and Information Technology (MCIT) Designed for students and professionals with minimal or no prior computing experience or formal education in Computer Science.
Benefit Students and professionals who desire to establish or advance a career in information technology or even prepare for doctoral studies in Computer Science
On Graduation Emerge as well-informed and competent professionals in a prime position in the job market. Excellent placements. Summer internships also lead to full-time employment opportunities.


Basics in Software Development, Computer Systems, Mathematical fundamentals of Computer Science, Data Structures, Software Design, Computer Systems Programming, Algorithms and Computation.

Data Science

Data Science Prepares students for a wide range of data-centric careers, whether in technology and engineering, policy-making, consulting or science. 


Benefits Students and professionals who desire to establish or advance a career in Data Science or even prepare for doctoral studies in Data Science.
On Graduation Apply artificial intelligence techniques to a problem, build a computational model of real-world phenomena, statistically test a hypothesis, or analyze structured, textual or image data, apply data science and data analysis techniques to arrive at decisions.

o   Undergraduate degree in economics, mathematics, engineering, business, computer science, statistics, or related field is preferred, but not required.

o   Demonstrated proficiency in computer programming in at least one of the following computer programming languages is required: Python, R, C, C++, C#, VB, Java, Pascal, or Fortran. Academic transcripts, certificates from online courses, or work experience may be cited to meet this requirement. 

o   At least one semester college level calculus course with a grade “C” or better required.


Relevant Work Experience Not required, but strongly preferred.


MIS Prepares students for challenging careers in the application of IT to analyze, design, implement, and manage IT applications and strategies to help solve business problems. MIS professionals are the “communication bridges” between IT and the business community. They first learn business processes and then analyze how to improve the processes using IT.
Benefits They can work in risk management, technology strategy, information management or project management
On Graduation They can work as a technology analyst, business analyst, project manager, or enterprise architect.
  • A course in programming (Java, C#, VB, etc.)
  • A database course
  • A course in systems analysis and design
  • A course in business data communications


Relevant Work Experience Strongly preferred.

Business Analytics

Business Analytics A comprehensive program for aspirants with an analytical bent of mind and a keen interest in business. Applicants should be prepared for intense course work, a proclivity for mathematics and programming, as well as basic understanding of business fundamentals.
Benefits They can work at the intersection of business management and technology analysis to enhance smooth operation.
On Graduation Gain expertise to turn data into useable information for all levels of an organization.
Prerequisites Undergraduate degree in economics, mathematics, engineering, business, computer science, statistics, or related field is preferred, but not required.

Demonstrated proficiency in computer programming in at least one of the following computer programming languages is required: Python, R, C, C++, C#, VB, Java, Pascal, or Fortran. Academic transcripts, certificates from online courses, or work experience may be cited to meet this requirement. 

At least one-semester college level calculus course with a grade “C” or better required.

Work Experience Not required, but strongly preferred.

While the above information will lend clarity about profile building and enhance your chances of securing admission in the right college/university, you need to keep in mind that the competition will be tough for non-Computer Science students aiming to gain entry into the graduate CS allied programs. With proper planning and the right profile building activity completed in advance, you can achieve your goal of getting admission in the CS program and pursuing a career as a competent Computer Science professional.

Career after BE in Civil Engineering

Career after BE in Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering involves designing, constructing, building and maintaining of structures in a physically built society. It includes basic civic amenities like roads, bridges, dams, sewage treatment systems, airports, energy systems, infrastructure for beautifying the environment and so on. Career after BE in Civil Engineering

By the time a student finishes his 4 year bachelor’s course in civil engineering, he is well versed with mathematics, statistics, engineering mechanics, fluid dynamics etc. He is then prepared to step into the work environment and apply the knowledge gained practically. Career after BE in Civil Engineering

Within the industry, a civil engineer is also known as a City engineer or a Transportation engineer. Civil Engineers mostly work indoors, however sometimes they need to visit the construction sites to monitor progress.

A civil engineer’s role typically involves the following:

  • Analyzing survey maps and planning projects, reports, presentation etc.
  • Efficient planning taking government rules and regulations along with cost and environment into consideration
  • Testing and retesting of ground and soil
  • Testing materials like concrete, asphalt, steel etc.
  • Determining a project’s cost estimate
  • Use of specific designing software
  • Take environmental impacts into consideration
  • Participate in surveys as guidance for construction

Being the second largest growing industry in the country, pursuing a career in Civil engineering has great scope. Based on surveys about 30% of India’s working population depends on it.

Jobs are easily available in various sectors like research, government, private and business organization

One can expect a good salary package. It can start with 3 lacs per annum, which doubles after 1-2 years. It can go up-to a 6-figure amount as the number of years in a company increases.

The career prospects for a civil engineer are as follows: Career after BE in Civil Engineering



Annual Income (average)

·         Water Resource Engineer Rs 260000
·         Site Engineer Rs 310000
·         Structural Engineer Rs 475000
·         Contract Engineer Rs 375000
·         Nuclear Engineer Rs 330000
·         Transportation Engineer Rs 300000
·         Geotechnical Engineer Rs 330000
·         Building Services Engineer Rs 300000
·         Coastal Engineer Rs 500000
·         Quantity Surveyor Rs 670000
·         Geologist Engineer Rs 480000
·         Environment Engineer Rs 350000
·         Sustainability Consultant Rs 550000
·         Construction Engineer Rs 330000
·         Research and  Development Rs 500000


When to apply Fall or Spring intake

When to apply fall or spring intake ?

The decision to apply to universities abroad is followed by a series of preparations that students need to undertake. Being a relatively new process, students are often plagued by a horde of questions and one such question is when to apply, during spring or fall semester? Students often wonder if applying for the fall season has any benefits and what are the pros and cons of applying for either of these intakes. Coming to a conclusion requires a comparative analysis of the various advantages and disadvantages, which can help the student to arrive at a well-planned and carefully thought out decision. When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

Fall vs. spring intake When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

  1. Check if university offers both intakes When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

It is important to ascertain whether the universities in question accept applications for both the seasons. Almost 75 percent of universities in the US do not have a spring intake for a majority of the courses.  Thus, if you wish to apply for the spring intake, you should conduct a detailed research on the prospective universities, and find out whether they accept students in that season or not.

  1. Courses offered When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

An advantage of applying during the fall intake is that there are comparatively a higher number of courses offered by a university as the number of applicants is higher during the fall semester. In spring, there are comparatively fewer students applying, and so the courses offered by the university are also fewer in numbers. Thus, if you want to pursue a course which is relatively new and is a rare choice of specialization, then there is a possibility that the course may not be offered in the spring semester. So, you must check your target universities if they offer the courses, especially if you are applying for the spring intake.

  1. Need time to prepare When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

More students apply for the fall intake since, by that time, they have already finished their undergrad degree.  Since students from most countries complete their Undergraduate course by May/June, they have a few months to relax and prepare for the fall semester, which begins in September.

  1. Chances of getting admission When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

Acceptance rates usually do not depend on the semester you are applying for, but since the class sizes are larger for the fall season, the number of admits during the fall term is greater.  On the other hand, as there are a fewer number of students who apply for the spring term, the chances of securing admission at selective school tends to be higher than the fall.

  1. Second Choices When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

If you apply to a university in the fall semester, you, at least, have the option of trying again and applying for the spring semester if nothing works out for you, but you may lose out on such an opportunity if you only apply for the spring intake as the fall application deadlines may have passed.

  1. Participate in extracurricular activities at University

If participating in extracurricular activities and being a part of organizations and student clubs is important for you, then applying for a fall semester will give you more opportunities because student elections take place at the end of spring. If you apply for the spring semester, you are a newcomer and less known in comparison to fall students who have been in the university for a longer time.

  1. Assistantship Opportunity When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

Assistantship are usually secured by 2nd year students on campus as they have had an opportunity to showcase their skills and talents to the concerned professor.  As these students graduate, the vacated positions are available for the taking.  Fall semester students generally have an advantage over Spring students as they have extensively interacted with professors through their coursework; hence, the changes of securing the assistantship is much higher.

  1. Internships outside the campus When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

Universities have mandated that their students must be a part a program for at least nine months before they get permission to apply for off-campus internships. Applying during the spring means one cannot work off campus during the summer season when most companies have formal internship programs.  However, if the university treats the internship as part of coursework, this issue becomes moot.

  1. Recruitment

Campus recruitments are usually organized during the second year of the course. If you are a spring intake student, it means you will have completed two semesters and if you are a fall intake student then you will have completed three semesters. Thus, fall intake students will have spent more time in the university and therefore will have an advantage over spring intakes.  The extra semester helps them boost their profile and enhance their resume as they will have the opportunity to pursue projects, secure internships, engage in leadership roles, and be a part of student clubs.  This gives fall semester students an edge when it comes to getting an on-campus job and full-time job.

  1. Weather When to apply Fall or Spring intake?

If you decide to study in a sunny and warm state like California or Florida, you will enjoy a pleasant climate. But if the chosen university is in the colder regions of the country, and if you join in January, then you will face extreme weather conditions which can be uncomfortable and difficult to handle. Thus, you must keep the weather in mind before finalizing on which semester you want to join.

Spring or fall, this decision should be based on your needs and it should depend on your requirements and future plans. Take the time to view each option from every angle and then arrive at a concrete conclusion. There is no strict rule or option that you must take, after all, you are the best judge of your career.

SAT Test Format and Scoring

SAT Test Format and Scoring

What is SAT? SAT Test Format and Scoring

The SAT is a standardized and general test of verbal and quantitative reasoning which is required by many US colleges and universities as part of their admission process. Originally, it was called the Scholastic Aptitude Test, and now it is known as SAT. It is a three-hour test that measures the verbal and mathematical reasoning skills that students have developed over time. Many colleges and universities use the SAT as one of the admission criteria among others such as, class rank, GPA, participation in extracurricular activities, personal essay and letters of recommendation.  SAT Test Format and Scoring

SAT consists of two different examinations:  SAT Test Format and Scoring

  • The SAT Reasoning Test (Earlier known as SAT I)
  • The SAT Subject Test (Earlier known as SAT II)

Some institutions require only one of these tests whereas some require both.

The SAT Reasoning Test:

It is a three hour and forty-five minute test which comprises of three sections: Critical Reading, Math, and Writing. This test is designed to measure critical thinking and analytical skills.

1)    MATHEMATICS:  SAT Test Format and Scoring

In this section, students are tested on basic arithmetic, algebra, geometry and a few miscellaneous topics such as data interpretation and applied math.

Questions are of two main types:

  • Problem solving – multiple choice (5 answer choice)
  • Student-produced response questions (‘grid-ins’)

 The three sections are as follows:

  • One section contains 8 questions and 10 grid-ins (duration-25 minutes)
  • One section contains 20 questions (duration- 25 minutes)
  • One section containing 16 questions (duration- 20 minutes)

There are a total of 54 scored math questions in one test.

Each of the divisions has a maximum score of 800, giving a maximum overall score of 2400. Students can use calculators during the test.


The critical reading section tests the student’s ability to read and understand written English. There are two types of questions:

  • Sentence Completion
  • Reading Comprehension

3)  WRITING:  SAT Test Format and Scoring

 Writing skills are tested through:

  • One Essay – Duration being 25 minutes
  • Grammar questions – having two sections, one of 25 minutes and another of 10 minutes

The grammar questions are of three types:

  • Identification of errors in sentences
  • Sentence correction
  • Editing in context

The SAT Subject Test:

They are a series of one-hour multiple-choice tests in subjects such as Literature, US and World History, Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics.

Some universities will also require two to three SAT Subject Tests, in addition to the SAT Reasoning Test. Some courses have specific requirements. A student can give up to three subject tests on the same day. However, it is not possible to sit for the SAT Reasoning Test and SAT Subject Tests on the same day.

SAT Registration:  SAT Test Format and Scoring

Students have two registration options, namely- Online registration and postal mail registration.

For online registration, students must go to the College Board website. To register by mail, students have to get a SAT Paper Registration Guide. In online registration, registration fees must be paid via credit card. To register by postal mail, payment must be made by cheque.  The registration deadlines are generally three to four weeks before the test date.

What to bring during the SAT?  SAT Test Format and Scoring

  • Admission ticket
  • A valid photo ID
  • Pencils with erasers
  • A calculator
  • A watch to keep track of time

SAT Scoring:

In the Math, Reading and Writing Sections-

  • 1 point is awarded for each correct answer
  • In case questions are skipped or answered incorrectly there is no negative marking.
  • Total scores range between 400 and 800

Since marks are not deducted for incorrect answers, students should try to answer all the questions.

In the Essay-

Students are required to refer to the passage and write a well-thought out argument.

  • Two readers read and score a student’s essay based on his reading, analysis, and writing abilities.
  • Each reader gives the essay a score ranging between 1 and 4 points in each category, for a total possible score of 8 points.

SAT Results

The SAT score report will be available online approximately two to three weeks after the student has given his test. If a student is registered for the test online and wants to receive a score report on paper in addition to the online score report, then he must request for it at the time of registration.

Sending SAT Scores:

SAT score reporting policy, called the Score Choice, allows students to pick and choose which scores they want to send to the colleges, thereby giving students more control over how and when colleges receive their scores.

Every time a student takes the SAT, the scores for each test are maintained separately. If a student takes the SAT multiple times, he can select which test scores are to be submitted to the colleges. If a student does not use the Score Choice, all the test scores will be sent to colleges.

Students can select up to four colleges to send SAT scores at the time of registration. However, if a student decides to go for this option, he will not be able to view his scores before the score reports are sent to those four colleges.

Cancelling SAT Scores:  SAT Test Format and Scoring

A student can submit a request to cancel his SAT scores. However, cancelling scores is an extreme measure and hence it is recommended to do so only if a student had to leave the testing centre in the middle of the test due to an emergency which makes him believe that the score will not be good. Once such a request is made, the score will never be reported to the student or any college.

how to build your profile for masters

Gaining admission in universities abroad is becoming increasingly competitive. With thousands of applications pouring in against only a few hundred seats, students need to create a profile that stands out and immediately makes the Admission Committee take notice. While it is imperative to work towards creating a strong and unique profile to secure admission into a prestigious university, students are often confused and unsure of how to create a glowing profile. Here are a few pointers that will help to build an excellent profile for Master’s and make a difference.

1)  Identify your USP (Unique Selling Point)

Many applicants will have a similar or even better academic record and test scores than you.  In order to stand out and make your profile unique, you must identify your USP and highlight it to bring it to the notice of the admission committee. Start by jotting down your strengths. Give specific examples and quote instances from your academic or professional life that can substantiate the strengths you want to highlight. Focus on strengths that will help you to succeed in the program you’re applying to.  A certificate of completion or achievement is a good way to validate your strengths. Another advice is to compartmentalize your strength into categories such as academic, professional, communication or technical prowess. Thus, identifying your USP and mentioning it in your application essay will help you to put together a powerful application.

2) Write a succinct and powerful Resume?

The University admission committee has to go through several thousand applications, but to ensure that the admission committee does not overlook your application, you must create a succinct and powerful one-page long resume which highlights your strengths and achievements. It must provide more information to the admission committee than what is included in the application and helps them to evaluate your candidacy in a better manner. University resumes should be designed to enhance your application and provide yet another opportunity to showcase your worth as an ideal candidate. You must use crisp language and a clean layout, covering topics like academic achievements, extracurricular involvement, volunteer or community service, certifications, research, publications and leadership experience.

3) An interesting and engaging Statement of Purpose

Your Statement of Purpose (SOP) gives you the opportunity to display your passion and interest for the intended specialization and gives you an opportunity to explain the lacunae in your academic credentials. Your focus has to be on clearly explaining the purpose you are applying for a particular specialization.  It should also contain a brief introduction of yourself and your academic background. You must also mention your short-term and long-term goals in one paragraph.  These goals have to be as specific as possible. Describe your academic or any professional background that is relevant to your purpose. You should also give details about what motivated you to pursue further studies and have you chosen the university you are applying to. This paragraph requires you to research the program, curriculum, and faculty, so that you can highlight the specific aspects that make the university your preferred choice. It is always a good idea to take the opinions of others and seek professional help from experts like education advisers or counsellors as the SOP greatly determines your chance of getting admission in your dream university.

4) Letter of Recommendation

Refer to your strengths in the USP list that you have made and think of people who can vouch for your strengths like a good academic record, motivation, creativity, communication skills, integrity, etc.   You must take help of your professors to write impressive letters of recommendation as they qualify to truly assess your performance and vouch for your academic credentials. However, if you have any work experience ranging to a year or more, then get at least one reference from your workplace as well. A master’s degree requires the student to submit three recommendations; hence it is ideal to get one professional and two academic letters of recommendation. This will give the admission committee a balanced opinion of your academic and professional capabilities.

 5) Work experience in a prestigious company

If the company you are currently working in has a very competitive and difficult recruiting process, it makes the Admission Committee view your profile in a positive light. Also working in a reputed company makes your profile stronger and makes the admission committee realize that you are an exceptional student with excellent skills and academic record to have bagged a prestigious job or internship at a reputed company.

6) Diversify your profile

Apart from the technical skills, if you have learnt any new and different skills through extra certification courses or have any experience that can add value to your profile you must mention it. For example, if you have volunteered for any special projects and participated in any conferences or competitions, you must highlight these points to bring it to the notice of the admission committee.

7) Work towards creating a well-rounded personality?

You do not want to come across as a uni-dimensional person with only academic or professional interest. Universities believe in taking students who have a holistic and well-rounded personality. If you are a sport enthusiast or have joined any social cause or started a small entrepreneurial venture, you must highlight these in your profile.

8) Publish your research work

Published research work indubitably adds to your profile in terms of research skills and speaks volumes about your academic interests. A good publishing record is a strong indicator that you will be an asset to the research community in that university. Thus, if you have written any research paper or dissertation at graduate school, you must mention it in your profile to highlight your research skills. This will give you an edge over your competitors.

Following the above pointers will help you to create a strong and unique profile that the admission committee will review in a positive light. Working towards creating a strong and unique profile requires time and commitment, so if you want to secure admission to your chosen university, you must make a plan and start working towards it well in advance to create an exemplary profile and maximize your chances of securing admission.

Importance of career counselling

Importance of Career Counselling

Students often find themselves at crossroads when they reach Class XII. The question is, “What next?”, to which they do not have definite answers. They consult their parents, peers or class teachers who are, in reality, ill-equipped to guide them due to their limited knowledge of the many career options available today. In such instances, a student would benefit greatly by consulting a qualified and experienced career counsellor, who would have a holistic approach in determining a suitable choice of career. Importance of Career Counselling

Career counsellors assist in discovering a student’s potential and aptitude, and accordingly suggest the right course of study to enhance the student’s career prospects. They usually test students for 3 three key factors – aptitude, interest and personality. These aspects help them in deciding the right career path for a student.

Why is Career Counselling Important? Importance of Career Counselling

Choosing a suitable career option influences a student’s course of life. Taking informed decisions at the right time could bring in wonderful opportunities as opposed to wrong ones, which could ruin a student’s future as these decisions are often irreversible. In such a situation, approaching a career counsellor would be a step in the right direction.

With an increase in the number and diversity of openings in the market, the importance of career counselling has also increased manifold. People realize the fact that not all can become engineers or doctors and have now started exploring other fields depending on their talent and interest in alternate domains.

Benefits of Career Counselling Importance of Career Counselling

Career Counselling helps in determining a student’s true potential. Students are often confused about their career preferences. Aptitude tests and counselling sessions would help identify their field of specialization. This would indeed help a student in following the right course of study for accomplishing his career goal.

Secondly, despite having a clear idea of their choice of career, students do not have the requisite knowledge to plan their higher course of specialized study in order to fulfill the eligibility for their chosen field. In such a scenario, career counselling can help clear these doubts by giving them clarity and vision regarding what they can expect from various educational courses. Sometimes, students have pre-conceived ideas about certain fields. Counselling would help build in awareness by putting things in the right perspective. Importance of Career Counselling

Students are often overwhelmed by the prospect of change and the chain of events that lead to their eventual admission for higher studies. At such times, the essential support provided by the counsellor throughout the admission process can boost their morale and give them the confidence to face all odds. Counsellors play a crucial role in building the motivational level of students, which is necessary for long term success. Career counselling also teaches students ways and means to expand their network, which in turn enhances emotional support during their course of higher study. Importance of Career Counselling

While college truly is about overall development of a student’s personality, counselling at an early stage could help one gain the right perspective, especially with the number of new career options coming up every day, which would otherwise not be considered by students. Early counselling assists students in reflecting on their personalities and abilities, likes and dislikes, and how these would align with various career paths. This would help students have a focused approach in their search for a suitable University for continuing their higher education and realizing their career aspirations. Importance of Career Counselling

Under the guidance of an experienced counsellor, students attain calm confidence and focused ambition for achieving success in their chosen field. Importance of Career Counselling

Field Change after Engineering

Field Change after Engineering

| Field Change after Engineering : Felt the need to take a different specialization in your masters? | Field Change after Engineering

What are the things you need to keep in mind during a Field Change after Engineering (E.g. Engineering in EXTC to Masters in CS)/ changing fields after engineering? (Engineering in CS and masters in ECE)

Have you ever got bored of studying the branch of engineering you are in? Have you ever felt the need to change your field in order to avail of better job opportunities? If your answer to the above questions is yes, then read on.

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