Massachusetts Institute of Technology Degree Programs
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded in 1861 in response to the increasing industrialization of the United States, MIT adopted a European polytechnic university model and stressed laboratory instruction in applied science and engineering. Researchers worked on computers, radar, and inertial guidance during World War II and the Cold War. Post-war defense research contributed to the rapid expansion of the faculty and campus under James Killian. The current 168-acre (68.0 ha) campus opened in 1916 and extends over 1 mile (1.6 km) along the northern bank of the Charles River basin. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Degree Programs
MIT, with five schools and one college which contain a total of 32 departments, is often cited as among the world’s top universities. The Institute is traditionally known for its research and education in the physical sciences and engineering, and more recently in biology, economics, linguistics, and management as well. The “Engineers” sponsor 31 sports, most teams of which compete in the NCAA Division III’s New England Women’s and Men’s Athletic Conference; the Division I rowing programs compete as part of the EARC and EAWRC.
As of 2015, 85 Nobel laureates, 52 National Medal of Science recipients, 65 Marshall Scholars, 45 Rhodes Scholars, 38 MacArthur Fellows, 34 astronauts, and 2 Fields Medalists have been affiliated with MIT. The school has a strong entrepreneurial culture, and the aggregated revenues of companies founded by MIT alumni would rank as the eleventh-largest economy in the world. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Degree Programs
MIT is a large, highly residential, research university with a majority of enrollments in graduate and professional programs. The university has been accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges since 1929. MIT operates on a 4–1–4 academic calendar with the fall semester beginning after Labor Day and ending in mid-December, a 4-week “Independent Activities Period” in the month of January, and the spring semester beginning in early February and ending in late May. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Degree Programs
MIT students refer to both their majors and classes using numbers or acronyms alone. Departments and their corresponding majors are numbered in the approximate order of their foundation; for example, Civil and Environmental Engineering is Course 1, while Linguistics and Philosophy is Course 24.Students majoring in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), the most popular department, collectively identify themselves as “Course 6”. MIT students use a combination of the department’s course number and the number assigned to the class to identify their subjects; the introductory calculus-based classical mechanics course is simply “8.01” at MIT.
MIT places among the top ten in many overall rankings of universities and rankings based on students’ revealed preferences. For several years, U.S. News & World Report, the QS World University Rankings, and the Academic Ranking of World Universities have ranked MIT’s School of Engineering first, as did the 1995 National Research Council report. In the same lists, MIT’s strongest showings apart from in engineering are in computer science, the natural sciences, business, economics, linguistics, mathematics, and, to a lesser extent, political science and philosophy. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Degree Programs
In 2014, Money magazine ranked MIT as third in the US “Best Colleges for Your Money”, based on its assessment of “the most bang for your tuition buck”, factoring in quality of education, affordability, and career outcomes. As of 2014, Forbes magazine rated MIT as the second “Most Entrepreneurial University”, based on the percentage of alumni and students self-identifying as founders or business owners on LinkedIn. In 2015, Brookings Fellow Jonathan Rothwell issued a report “Beyond College Rankings”, placing MIT as third in the US, with an estimated 45% value-added to mid-career salary. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Degree Programs