The Ohio State University commonly referred to as Ohio State or OSU, is a public research university in Columbus, Ohio. Founded in 1870, as a land-grant university and ninth university in Ohio with the Morrill Act of 1862, the university was originally known as the Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College. The college began with a focus on training students in various agricultural and mechanical disciplines but was developed into a comprehensive university under the direction of Governor Rutherford B. Hayes and in 1878 the Ohio General Assembly passed a law changing the name to “The Ohio State University”. It has since grown into the third largest university campus in the United States. Along with its main campus in Columbus, Ohio State also operates a regional campus system with regional campuses in Lima, Mansfield, Marion, Newark, and Wooster.
The university is also home to an extensive student life program, with over 1,000 student organizations; intercollegiate, club and recreational sports programs; student media organizations and publications, fraternities and sororities; and three active student governments. Ohio State athletic teams compete in Division I (Football Bowl Subdivision for football) of the NCAA and are known as the Ohio State Buckeyes. The university is a member of the Big Ten Conference for the majority of sports. The Ohio State Buckeyes men’s ice hockey program competes in the Big Ten Conference, while its women’s hockey program competes in the Western Collegiate Hockey Association. In addition, the OSU men’s volleyball team is a member of the Midwestern Intercollegiate Volleyball Association (MIVA). OSU is one of only fourteen universities in the nation that plays Division I FBS football and Division I ice hockey. Alumni and former students have gone on to prominent careers in government, business, science, medicine, education, sports, and entertainment.
Michael V. Drake, former chancellor of the University of California, Irvine, assumed the role of university president on June 30, 2014.
In 1916, Ohio State became the first university in Ohio to be extended membership into the Association of American Universities, and remains the only public university in Ohio among the organization’s 60 members. The Public Ivies: America’s Flagship Public Universities (2000) by Howard and Matthew Greene listed Ohio State as one of a select number of public universities offering the highest educational quality.
In its 2016 edition,U.S. News & World Report ranked Ohio State as tied for the 16th-best public university in the United States, and tied for 52nd among all national universities.
The Academic Ranking of world Universities placed Ohio State 40th nationally and 67th globally for 2015. In its 2015-16 rankings, Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranked it tied for 90th in the world. Also in 2015, QS World University Ranking ranked the university 99th in the world.
Research facilities include Aeronautical/Astronautical Research Laboratory, Byrd Polar Research Centre, Centre for Automotive Research (OSU CAR), Chadwick Arboretum, Biomedical Research Tower, Biological Sciences Building, Comprehensive Cancer Centre, David Heart and Lung Research Institute, Electro science Laboratory, Large Binocular Telescope (LBT, originally named the Columbus Project), Mershon Centre for International Security Studies, National Centre for the Middle Market, Stone Laboratory on Gibraltar Island, OH, Centre for Urban and Regional Analysis and Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Centre.